The record of the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah, the son of David, the son of Abraham:Matthew 1:1(NASB)
From the very first verse in Matthew's gospel to the closing statement in John's Apocalypse, the focal figure of the New Testament is Jesus Christ.. and the thrilling testimony is salvation by grace through faith, to all who believe.
Although this long list of descendants, trailing back through David to Abraham, may appear to be somewhat meaningless, it date-stamps legitimacy on the authority, authenticity and ancestry on Jesus Christ.. the Son of Mary, who was married to Joseph, the carpenter.
Luke's lineage of Christ goes back through David and Abraham to Adam, the son of God, but Matthew's genealogy places its foundational root, firmly in Israel, the chosen people of God, who were promised that a Star would come forth out of Jacob, and a Ruler would rise out of Israel.
The significance of David and Abraham, being the two identifying descendants of Christ, are unprecedented in this first verse of New Testament scripture. Unless Christ is able to be traced back as the promised Seed of Abraham, through the royal line of David, every other prophecy of His first and second comings would be null and void.
Christ was certainly to be the Seed of the woman as promised to Adam in the idyllic garden, but His ancestry must also be traced through Abraham's promised Seed, and through the royal line of Israel's great king David.
Matthew traces his Jewish genealogy through David and Solomon to Joseph, the husband of Mary. Joseph was chosen by God to be the adoptive father of Jesus - the Son of God.. while Luke uncovers an alternative, but equally legitimate lineage. Starting with Adam, the first created man, we see Luke's ancestry tracing through Abraham to Nathan - a second son of the great king David- rather than his son and heir, king Solomon. This lineage brings us finally to Heli, the father of Mary's - who was married to Joseph the carpenter!
We read that Jesus was of the house and lineage of David, and Matthew's gospel authenticates both Christ's legal as well as His lineage requirements. Although the lineage of Christ, as a descendent of David, was certainly evident in both Mathew and Luke's genealogies, only Matthew is able to provide the legal status required for Jesus to be anointed as the legitimate, King of Israel.
Like her husband Joseph, Mary was indeed a true blood descendent of the house and lineage of David, as the prophets foretold, but Jewish law dictated that the legal as well as a lineage right to the throne of David, must pass through the father to the son.
Mary was a virgin when she conceived the Lord Jesus. However, Joseph took Mary to be his lawfully wedded wife and in so doing, Jesus became his lawfully adopted son. The legal marriage union of Mary and Joseph, gave legitimacy to Christ's claim to be Israel's Messiah King. JESUS - the unique, Son of the living God was born into the human race as Jesus, the immaculately conceived Son of Man. He was born of Mary, but was also the lawfully adopted son of Joseph, claiming the legal right and the authentic lineage to be born Jesus of Nazareth - King of the Jews.
Heavenly Father, as I read Your word and consider the truths that it contains, I see that Your ways are so much greater than man can imagine. You gave Your SON to be born as Son of Man - just as the prophets of old foretold. Thank You that Your plans and purposes, which were made in eternity past.. can never be changed and that one day.. Jesus is returning as King of kings, to sit on the throne of David - where He will reign in righteousness, and rule in justice. Thank You in Jesus name. AMEN.